Ursula Reuter-Christiansen was born in 1943 in Trier, Germany. 1969 she moved to Denmark, where she still lives today. Between 1964 and 1965 she studied literature at the "University of Marburg", in Germany. From 1965 to 1969 she attended the "Academy of Fine Arts" in Duesseldorf, where she studied under professor Joseph Beuys.
1982 she started teaching at the school for art, where she stayed until 1984. From 1992 until 1996 she was professor at the "Academy for Art" in Strasburg, France. Since 1997 she is professor at the "Royal Danish Academy for Art" for visual arts.
First captivated by the labyrinth in 1976, Jeff Saward is a world authority on the history and development of labyrinths and mazes and is the author of Magical Paths a pictorial essay on the modern revival, Labyrinths & Mazes a comprehensive illustrated history and is the editor of Caerdroia - the Journal of Mazes and Labyrinths and co-founder and director of Labyrinthos, the Labyrinth Resource Centre, Photo Library and Archive. Based in Southeast England and travelling extensively to research their history and distribution, Jeff has an unrivalled collection of photographs of labyrinths from around the world and has designed and built many examples himself - from simple labyrinths of field-stones at the Glastonbury music festivals in the 1980's, pavement and gardens labyrinths for clients in the USA and in Europe, to hedge mazes in Hawaii and Illinois. He is also frequently consulted to provide designs, information, illustrations and documentation for both modern construction projects and historical restorations. www.labyrinthos.net
William Furlong was born in Woking, England in 1944 and lives and works in London. His work engages with and explores sound and its reception and perception. He manipulates, choreographs and interprets sound, working with a myriad of different sources from conversation, speech and dialogue and its many individual nuances to the sounds of birds singing.
For the last 30 years he has edited Audio Arts, a magazine of contemporary art, recording and documenting conversations and interviews with artists. Furlong is recognized for his ongoing and important contribution and engagement.
He has exhibited widely nationally and internationally, recently in, 'See This Sound', at the Lentos Museum in Linz, Austria, in the Laure Genillard Gallery London and the de La Warr Pavilion Bexhill on Sea. His book, 'Speaking of Art' was published by Phaidon in April 2010.
Adriano Visintin was born on December 4, 1955 in Sagrado (Gorizia), Italy. He started creating sculptures already in his early childhood. He attended the "Istituto Statale d'Arte di Gorizia" and subsequently completed an apprenticeship in sculpture in Pietrasanta, Italy, where he was trained by well-known, modern artists.
Since 1974, he participated in various personal and group exhibitions in addition to symposiums in and outside Italy. His works are being shown in private and public art collections and museums all over the world. Adriano Visintin lives and works in Villesse, Italy.
Roberto Cipollone (Ciro) was born in Pescara, Italy in 1947, where he spent his childhood years as a young man around the foundry run by his father. In 1970 he went to Holland where he lived for 6 years employed as a factory worker. Later on, he commented on this period of his life: "In the factory where I worked, I was making 10.000 screws a day. It was a monotonous job, where any artistic vein was sacrificed. It represented for me a detachment from the world of arts and this sharpened my desire to see beautiful things".
In 1977 he moved to Loppiano near Florence, where he has been living and working up to the present. For his work he uses several materials: wood, iron, stone, fabric, whatever waste material, which he considers as the richest of life. 'The material I use is a clear and well oriented choice: it's intentionally not precious. Its value is hidden. I only try to let the object tell those humble stories which are still unknown.' www.labottegadiciro.it
Federica Marangoni was born in Padova, Italy in 1940. She attended the "Academy of Fine Arts" in 1965 and began showing her paintings. From 1967 she started to experiment with plastic materials, polyester, Perspex and neon.
She combines neon light, glass and the moving image of the TV screen in her sculptures and large installations, in order to create the illusion of a dynamic dimension. TV and neon represent in Federica Marangoni's works the movement and vitality of contemporary life transmitted to her sculptures an anti-monumental spirit, a mutating and ephemeral presence.
Transparency and inconsistency are basic elements for her conceptual expression always combined with a sophisticated technique and craftsmanship knowledge.' www.federicamarangoni.com
Mauro Berrettini was born in Buonconvento (Siena), Italy in 1943. Since his childhood years and as a young man he worked around the workshop run by his father, a stone cutter. He first studied at the "Istituto Statale d'Arte" in Siena and then at the "Liceo Artistico" in Carrara, Italy.
Mauro Berrettini has taught design and artistic education in Siena until 1984. Since 1984 he has presented his works in his own studio and in various public and private galleries, both in Italy and abroad.
Neal Barab was born on December 28, 1955 in Highland Park, Illinois, USA. Before he decided to move to Italy he lived and worked in California. In 1982 he received a degree in Fine Arts from the University of California, Santa Cruz, USA. In 1987 he was commissioned to create an outdoor sculpture for Santa Cruz.
In October 1987 he moved to Pietrasanta, Italy. Since then he has been working full time creating stone sculptures. Neal spent many summers sculpting granite in Sweden. Since January 2002 he moved to his new studio "Pescarella" in Vallecchia, near Pietrasanta.
He participated in shows throughout Europe and the US, including Zurich, Stockholm, Amsterdam and London. He also attended symposiums in Sweden, China, Israel and Germany. www.nealbarab.com
Benbow Bullock, born February 6, 1929, St Louis, Missouri. Graduated from Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut, 1950 with a B.A. degree in humanities.
Benbow has been sculpting in steel, aluminium and silicon bronze, at his studio in the San Francisco Bay Area, creating geometric abstract constructivist sculptures for over 35 years.
He recently completed a series of endless column sculptures in burnished stainless steel ranging in height from twelve to over fifty feet high. "Homage to Brancusi", 32 feet high, at the Chianti Sculpture Park, is part of this series of sculptures. Selected others are in several states of the US and Japan.
Bullock's endless columns were influenced by stone obelisk "Cleopatra's Needles" seen at Place de la Concorde, Paris; The Embankment, London, and Karnak, Egypt. And by standing stone Menhirs seen in Carnac, Stennes, and Stonehenge. Lest we forget, Brancusi's iron column sculpture in Romania, & Tal Streeter's contemporary zig-zag steel column on the grounds of Storm King Sculpture Park, Mountainville, New York.
For the past few years, he spent time studying the physics of thin-film optics. He created abstract dichroic glass sculptures utilizing materials developed by NASA to protect crews, on space flights, from harmful high intensity X-rays and ultraviolet rays. These sculptures are passive kinetic abstract sundials, which change colors depending on the angle light strikes the thin-film glass. And the apparent movements of the sun, and/or visiting passers-by.
Latest sculptures are large scale aluminium mobiles.
PILAR ALDANA MENDEZ
Pilar Aldana Mendez was born on March 12, 1963 in Bogota, Colombia. She started working as a sculptor in 1985 in Spain and is living since then in Barcelona. She creates small sculptures as well as monumental works and installations.
Pilar installed monumental sculptures in Mauritania, Germany, Egypt, Italy, Austria, Poland, France, Argentina, Switzerland and Andorra. Her preferred materials are glass, granite, iron and wood.
Xavier Barrera Fontenla was born on May 21, 1968 in Buenos Aires, Argentina, son of a Spanish artists family. He attended the High School of Fine Arts, the Ceramics School, of which he is currently professor, and the National Musical Academy in Buenos Aires.
While studying techniques of polyester resin and sculptural design with the sculptor J.C. Distefano, he started working on monumental sculptures. Presently he is working on the development of a sculpture park in La Falda, Cordoba, Argentina.
Jaya Schuerch was born in Santa Barbara, California, USA on March 19, 1958.
She grew up in California until 1972, when her family moved to Switzerland. After moving back to California in 1979 and living in Hawaii for some time, she returned to Europe in 1986 to pursue her dream of carving marble in Italy.
In 1988 Jaya had her first exhibition in California. Since then she has shown all over the world and her works can be found in private and public art collections in Italy, Switzerland, France, Germany, England, Taiwan, China, South Korea, Africa and the US. Since 1988 she lives and works as a full time artist in Italy, where she opened her own studio in Pietrasanta in 2001. www.jayaschuerch.com
Cor Litjens was born in Nijmegen, Holland in 1956. From 1976 to 1981 Litjens studied art education at the "Tehatex College" in Nijmegen. He then decided to become a professional artist and opened his own studio in 1981.
Together with other artists he started a gallery and a sculpture park in Beuningen. This was an experimental park, where young artists could test and realise their concepts.
In 1981 he got his first important commission for a monumental artwork and since then has been working solely as an artist. www.litjens.nl
Nicolas Bertoux was born on July 1st, 1952 in Suresnes, France. Since 1995 he lives and works in Serravezza (Lucca), Italy.
Bertoux received a degree in architecture in France. As a sculptor he is self taught. In 1971 he started his professional activity as a designer with other architects in Paris. After 10 years he switched his interest to sculpture and opened the Perigny Studio in France.
Costas Varotsos was born in Athens, Greece in 1955. He lives and works in Greece. He studied at the "Accademia di Belle Arti" in Rome and at the "Università di Architettura di Pescara", Italy. In 1990/1991 he was granted a "Fullbright" scholarship and spent almost one year in New York, USA. More recently, in 1999, he was appointed professor at the "University of Thessaloniki" in Greece. Costas Varotsos has taken part in numerous personal and collective exhibitions in many countries and has received excellent appraisals by art critics such as Achille Bonito Oliva, Andrea Bellini, Matoula Skaltsa, Florent Bex, Athena Schina and many others.
One of his most important sculptures is "Dromeas", installed at the Omonia Square in Athens. It is 12 meters high and built in the same way as the sculpture "Energy", which is in the "Chianti Sculpture Park". www.costasvarotsos.gr
Kemal Tufan was born on May 21, 1962 in Silivri, Istanbul, Turkey. In 1985 he graduated from the "Industrial Engineering Department" of the "Technical University of Istanbul" and in 1994 he graduated from the "Sculpture Department" of the "Mimar Sinan University" in Istanbul. From 1989 to 1991 Kemal has participated in modern dance and Turkish folk dance groups as choreographer, decorator and folk dancer.
Since 1993 he attended many international sculpture symposiums and biennales all over the world and created large outdoor sculptures in Turkey, Finland, Romania, Holland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Portugal, China, Argentina, Sweden, Korea, Brazil, Chile, Egypt, Bahrain, Germany, Italy and many other countries. For his work he uses natural materials such as stone, marble, granite, wood and metal. Since 2000 he also started making videos and performances. Kemal Tufan is the curator of Yesemek Bienal (2005-2007) and Buyukcekmece (Istanbul) International Sculpture Symposiums since 2002.
Born in Alexandria, Egypt, Yasmina Heidar initially pursued a career in music, teaching piano before receiving a degree in Fine Arts from the University of Alexandria in 2000. This was followed by a Diploma in Sculpture in 2002 and a Master's in Glass Sculptural Techniques in 2005, which led to a scholarship to pursue a doctorate in Visual Arts and Performance at the Fine Art Academy, Carrara, Italy in 2006-2007. In 2009 she obtained the doctorate in sculpture at the university of Alexandria.
The dominant materials in her work are marble and glass, which enable her to create a range of visually rich, dynamic sculptures. From 1996 on she took part to several exhibitions in Egypt, Turkey, Germany and Italy. www.yasminaheidar.com
Johannes Pfeiffer was born on October 10 th, 1954 in Ulm, Germany. He graduated in economics at the "Freie Universitaet von Berlin", Germany in 1980. Subsequently he studied sculpture with professor Lorenzo Guerrini at the "Accademia di Belle Arti" in Rome, Italy from 1981 to 1983 and from 1983 to 1984 at the "Accademia di Belle Arti di Carrara", Italy.
He received several awards for his work. Johannes Pfeiffer sold many of his sculptures to public collections and participated at numerous exhibitions and projects. Particularly appreciated by the critics was his contribution for a lyric solution to straighten the "Leaning Tower of Pisa" in 1991. He spends a large part of his life as a skipper on sailboats. www.pfeiffer-arte.de
Christoph Spath was born on 2 November, 1957 in Stuttgart, Germany. He studied architecture and subsequently sculpture in Aachen and Duesseldorf, Germany.
In 1981 he relocated to the US, and settled in Vermont in 1982. During the following 15 years he worked in his own studio.
His works were exhibited in America as well as in Europe and acquired by private and public art collections. His preferred materials are granite and glass because of the contrast between solidity and transparency. www.spath.org
Dominic Benhura was born on October 1, 1968 in a small town, some 100 km north east of Zimbabwe's capital, Harare. At the age of 10 Dominic began to assist his cousin, the sculptor Tapfuma Gutsa, and soon after to create his own works.
Many early formative years were spent at Chapungu Sculpture Park and he is today regarded as the cutting edge of Zimbabwe sculpture with personal exhibitions in Zimbabwe, Australia, Belgium, Holland, Germany and America.
Benhura has an exceptional ability to portray human feelings through form rather than facial expression. His subject matters are extensive and include plants, trees, animals and the whole range of human experience.
Vincent Leow was born in 1961 in Singapore. As one of the leading contemporary artists in the city-state of Singapore, he has been working in a wide range of media including painting, sculpture, performance, installation and computer generated images. His work is full of humour, irony and highly efficient as critique of the reality and the psychological complex.
In 2007 Leow represented Singapore at the Biennale of Venice. Since the year 2000 he has also been a co-director of the most important artist space in town "Plastique Kinetic Worms" (PKW), an alternative space providing conditions for the most experimental activity in the art circle of the city as well as artists from abroad. www.vincentleow.com
Dolorosa Sinaga was born on October 31,1952 in Sibolga, Batak province, Indonesia. She graduated from "The Jakarta Arts Institute" in 1977 and then continued her studies in art, sculpture and bronze casting in London, England at the "Martin's School of Art", at the "San Francisco Art Institute" and at the University of Maryland in the USA.
One of her main intentions it to describe female experiences and the condition of women. Many of her sculptures portray the female body.
Her subjects are faith, hope, illusion, crisis, solidarity, multicultural tensions and the fight of women against violence. She received numerous awards for her work, in Indonesia and in the year 2000 she became a member of the rectorate of the"Institut Kesenian".
KIM HAE WON
Kim Hae Won attended the "College of Fine Arts", Hongik University, Seoul, Korea and received a B.F.A. in sculpture in 1965. In 1967 she attended "The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts" in Philadelphia, USA and subsequently in 1977 the" Graduate School of Fine Arts", Hongik University, Seoul, Korea, where she obtained a M.F.A. in sculpture.
She had numerous solo exhibitions and over 120 group exhibitions. Her sculptures can be seen in many private and public collections. She has been the director of the Shin Chun Jee Art Museum and is currently an executive director of C Art Museum.
This series was "Island" to express the nature as a calm island, with metaphorical manifestation of birth and death in infinity.
Kei Nakamura was born in 1976 in Takorozowa, Japan. He studied ceramic and porcelain art at the Arita Yogyo College of Ceramics in Japan up to 1997, when he obtained his degree.
After his study he moved to Italy to have some experiences in sculpturing stone. He attended a course of stone carving at Serre di Rapolano near Siena, a place famous for its travertine quarries. In 1999 he moved to Carrara, Italy, to study at the "Accademia di Belle Arti" where in 2004 he graduated with honours.
Not withstanding his young age, Kei Nakamura has already taken part in several personal and group exhibitions in Italy and other countries and won several international prizes for his work. www.keinakamura.net
Anita Glesta was born in New York City, USA in January 1958. Her early life and later her work were profoundly influenced by the explosive events of the 1960s and 1970s.
Her father was drafted into the Vietnam War in the 1960s, and she moved to San Sebastian, Spain, as an adolescent remaining during the upheavals of General Franco's death and the Basque separatist struggles (1972-76).
In 1994 she moves to Sydney, Australia. As an artist in the public realm Anita Glesta has worked on several large-scale international projects. Among these projects is the three-acre "Yurong Water Gardens of Cook and Phillip Park" downtown Sydney, completed in 2000 and created in collaboration with a team of landscape architects.
Anita Glesta's work has been exhibited throughout the world. It includes for instance a permanent outdoor integrated landscape sculpture for the Federal Census Bureau Building in Washington DC, works for two botanic gardens in Sydney and her Multi channel Gernika/Guernica work shown in 2007 as a two part installation at New York and Manhattan. In 2009 Glesta was commissioned to do a multi channel installation for the Copenhagen 15 Summit.
She has been a recipient of numerous awards, grants, and fellowships including Pollock/ Krasner, New York foundation for the Arts, New York State Council of the Arts and Australia Council. Presently she lives and works in the USA. www.anitaglesta.com